Journalism

Homework for May 01, 2017

1. Resume

Loquitur Media, Cabrini University news multimedia site | Radnor, PA
Assistant News Editor, Photographer March 2016 to Present

Wrote 25+ stories for news, perspectives, lifestyles and sports sections. Live tweeted during multiple sports games as sports reporter.
Published front page story and photos for issue 12 in 2016 and listed in online top stories feed with first story written on Woodcrest Hall flood as a guest writer.
Received attention from The Minimalists for 2016 top story on leaving jobs for dreams.
Photographed 15+ events and individuals on and off campus for articles since 2015.
News anchor for LOQation video news program. Anchored 4 news shows from 2016-2017.
Produced 10+ video news packages covering News, Sports and Lifestyles using Final Cut Pro X. 

 

2. Cover Letter

While you may not find the specific title of “sales assistant” listed on my resume, I’ve actually become strongly passionate about working with customers and businesses alongside a supervisor or manager from doing so since the meer age of 15. Knowing that my own grandfather took part in developing our very first cellphones and video game systems with General Electric and Motorola makes me realize that a history of being a hard working individual has practically been genetically passed onto myself. It all began with one simple step into the door of Enzo’s Italian Eatery in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania almost 5 years ago. After legitimately breaking a sweat by working long hours as a hostess, waitress and table busser for up to 8 tables of families at once as just a young teenage girl, my motivation to politely assist customers, make sure their experiences are enjoyable, and help create repeat business overall has only excelled year to year as I have grown.
I am aware that your company not only specializes in radio, digital, outdoor, mobile, live events, and on-demand entertainment across the nation, but also provides premier opportunities for advertisers as well. Developing proposals in response to RFPs from clients and customers may come across as a challenging task for most. However, my years of experience working alongside and easily developing personal relationships with my bosses and supervisors in multiple businesses over the years leads me to feel eager about potentially collaborating with an iHeartMedia account executive to do so. I have experience developing descriptive and photo heavy newsletters for businesses, creating graphics for news articles and packages, researching demographic information for businesses, using Microsoft software and carrying out daily receptionist duties. I have successfully obtained all of these skills from striving for a bachelor degree in digital communications and social media at Cabrini University and working alongside multiple business managers and supervisors over the past five years. You can expect that I would bring my enthusiasm, professionalism, driven attitude and skills of multimedia and customer service to your company to develop proposals in response to RFP’s from clients alongside an account executive.
In a company that covers multiple fields of entertainment across the nation, it’s important for each employee to have strong organizational and time management skills and be capable of dealing with problems quickly, multi-tasking and prioritizing work. Working as an ambassador for Cabrini University’s Undergraduate Office of Admissions and a receptionist and social media intern for Pilates and More in Wayne, Pennsylvania naturally enforced all of those skills onto myself. As an ambassador, I constantly put all of my knowledge of Cabrini to use by dealing with the questions and problems of of prospective students and their families both in person on tours and via phone call in our office. At Pilates and More, I prioritize work duties and multi-task throughout the entirety of my shifts by answering phone calls, checking in clients and managing their payments, managing and creating day to day schedules, monthly calendars and newsletters, creating daily Facebook and Instagram updates and more. You can expect that I will bring these same skills and more into your company to take your company’s productivity to a higher level.


Homework for April 03, 2017

A. Climate
This week there were a few major New York Times stories written on what is going on with the present and future of our climate…
1. Trump Signs Executive Order
On Tuesday, Trump signed an executive order that would finally take away President Obama’s climate change regulations once and for all. (I say finally because it seems like he has been wanting to do this for some time now, not because I am happy about this in the slightest…) In the words of the New York Times, this basically deletes all American leadership in the “international campaign to curb the dangerous heating of the planet.”
The Obama Clean-Power-Plan is being re-written, and more energy industry jobs are being implemented. Although some… I mean most… people think that this is not the time for our country to be changing course on the real and serious threat of climate change, Trump has decided to roll back the policies that Americans were once in agreement with.
Also, what will other key countries such as China, India and Brazil do? The Paris agreement might unravel, and Mr. Trump could be harming a relationship with China’s President, Xi Jinping, that President Obama finally made a breakthrough with back in 2014.
The article states that it could take years for the E.P.A. to arry our the process of withdrawing and revisign the climate change regulations that Mr. Obama came up with… so hopefully Trump won’t be able to demolish everything Obama worked so hard on? Even though he is saying he is prepared to take on any challenge to do so.

2. Policy Shift Helps Coal
While fossil fuel executives are happy about Trump’s plans, they should not be just yet. Coal will still have to compete with a list of other fuels. Gas supplies are growing and prices are not. Utilities may not even have to go back to investing in coal, because they already have the mindset of investing in natural gas , wind power and solar power, and working towards that.
Fossil fuel companies will also be “helped” by the Trump administration, but it is undetermined as to exactly how much, and that will probably not have any impact on his plans right now. Trump definitely plans to lower methane emissions and remove natural gas from the ground though.

Here are some things about the outlook for possible renewable energy:
-29 states have adopted the rules to replace a substantial share of fossil fuel electricity production with cleaner power
-California has set more aggressive targets for environmental protection and does not plan on going with the government’s new agenda
-Federal tax credits for wind/solar power will continue for several more years with support from Republican members of Congress from states like Texas and Iowa
-State mandates will continue to push the growth of renewable energy sources / Existing state mandates would result in enough renewable energy to meet 20% of the nation’s electricity use within 8 years

3. China Poised to Take Lead on Climate (March 29)
China is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases, right before the United States. China plans to push the United States to live up to the 2015 Paris Agreement, even if Trump does not want to, considering that they’ve already set the direction they want to go into in the next five years. They want to take over the U.S. as a climate leader.
Trump has always talked here and there of being in climate change denial, calling it a “hoax created by China.” This has lead Chinese officials to take the high road and urge everyone to stand by the original plans that Obama created – their president said “stick to it instead of walking away from it.”
Chinese participation is essential for global efforts on climate change – they must break their insanely high coal consumption, considering that the burning of coal generates enormous amounts of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas.
But it’s also important to change the overall energy mix, move away from fossil fuels in general, and be aware that weather patterns have an impact too.
Here’s what China plans to do:
-By 2030, 20% of their energy will come from non-fossil-fuel sources including hydropower, nuclear power, wind and solar
-By 2018, a national market for greenhouse and gas quotes will be put into place (cap-and-trade program)
-By 2020, 58% of its energy will come from coal consumption (might meet that target early)

4. Coal Mining Jobs Trump Would Bring Back No Longer Exist

Trump plans to dismantle Obama’s climate change efforts and bring coal-mining jobs back to America, but many of these jobs are now past memories. In the future of mining, trucks will drive themselves and operate on self-driving technology – there will be no element of humans digging coal.
Coal is declining, making up only 1/3 of electricity generation in the U.S – renewable sources are creeping up, and electricity sales are going down with coal.
Obama’s Clean Power Plan would lead to an average loss of 200,000+ American jobs each year until 2030. Trump’s plan will potentially lose hundreds of coal-fired plants, freeze construction of new new plants and replace them with new wind and solar farms.
But the coal industry has been replacing workers with machines and explosives, and “nobody” can bring them back. There is no turning back.
The prices of coal and gas, the projected growth and cost of renewable energy, and jobs generated by energy efficiencies have to be taken into consideration.
Automation with coal production makes the process ore safe, efficient and productive.
Gas and renewable energy sources are going to continue to replace coal, and coal will have to increase automation.
“What Trump does will make little difference.” -Nicolas Maennling, senior economics and policy researcher at Columbia Unviersity

2. Loquitur Issue 7 – Design and Graphics
[Chapter 16 of Newspaper Survival Guide, page 207]

Notes:
-Design isn’t about making the paper pretty, its about making it easier to read and easier to navigate
-Principles of design: Balance, consistency, contrast, visual hierarchy, simplicity
-Typography: Has its own language
-Building blocks of a page: Headlines, body text, images, whitespace
-Modular design (photo, headline, cutline, body copy) makes a paper easier to read and navigate. It helps readers know which photos and stories go together.
-Multiple points of entry: Information boxes, refers, information graphics, pull quotes
-Designers Toolbox: Subheadings, rules, screens
-Infographics: pie charts, maps, bar charts and diagrams all help readers process complex/hard to read information

From Loquitur:
-I like how the front page has a quote and not just the picture or a title. That pulls a reader in, in my opinion.
-Editorial: Has a nice mix of a foreign photo and first-world United States photo that go hand and hand – The person who make our things, and the things we take for granted
-Emma Roder-Tims article could have used a photo or infographic. I like the quote but it its a lot of text going on.
-I like the placement of Ashley’s photo – Nice way to implement a panorama shot. Also like the birth control photo, but placement is awkward.
-LOVE the black and white photo Emily took for the front page story. Not sure about the placement though, and I feel like it could have been a bit bigger maybe? The hand photo is wonderful though, all around. Feel like an infographic could have easy played a roll in this story too.
-Love the watermark for Jess Tennett’s story, and love the photos for Britt Smith’s story. Gave a face to the people and things she was talking about.
-I know there was a bit of a struggle with the graphic for Laura’s article, but I like how it came out!
-Like the double life photos of Rahmere with his article.
-Oh boy… my article doesn’t even have a photo, or graphic. It had one online of my friends and I, but if I knew it was going in the print issue, I could have easily taken a high quality shot of money pouring out of a wallet to go with it!
-Hope’s photo of Panic! at the Disco for my article is gorgeous and eye-catching, but not sure it goes as well as all of the photos I put with my online article. Thoughts?
-Love all of the photos with Eric’s article. Feel like he should’ve had one big photo though, and I could have had a few small, multiple photos. Not sure why this got reversed.
-Like how Anna’s article has a screenshot in it. We CAN do that in print.
-Emma Roder-Tims watermark is creative but a bit distracting, and Molly said the hashtag looked like “SNO-Gender and not Has-No-Gender”.


Homework for March 27, 2017

A. New York Times 
Select three NYTimes stories to comment on. If Trump makes a major move doing away with the  Climate Treaty, select that. If he doesn’t do that, then select three stories to curate and summarize. Choose ones that are significant. Summarize each story with a headline and approximately a 100-word summary each.  Make the headline a hyperlink. Add the date at the end of the summary. Label this “March 27 NYTimes.”

B. Loquitur Media / SCJ
Choose five really good stories from the last week or so. One must be “The trees have eyes.” Another should be published over the weekend written by Caitlyn Huebner, “The life and struggles of domestic abuse survivors” or here. These are two among many excellent stories. Please choose three more of your own selections and examine all five according to the SCJ LEADERSHIP criteria here.  Label this:  March 27 SPJ Leadership.


Homework for March 20, 2017

A. New York Times
Select three NYTimes stories. Select one on the federal budget Trump proposed that the complicated cuts and increases clearest to you. Choose one that analyzes the reaction to his healthcare proposal. Choose one other of your choice that is significant. Summarize each story with a headline and approximately a 100-word summary each.  Make the headline a hyperlink. Add the date at the end of the summary.

B. Writing-Editing in Loquitur Media
Analyze the latest stories from Loquitur Media. Choose five really good stories published in the last week or so. You will examine the stories with a sharp, critical eye, using the criteria here, called Writing and Editing.  Label this:  March 20 Writing-Editing


Homework for March 13, 2017

A. New York Times

1. Healthcare
-Trump is now attempting to get conservatives and senators to support the House Republicans’ replacement for the Affordable Care Act through pulling “salesman tactics” over fancy meetings, dinners and lunches
-His overall pitch for this is to get behind a bill that will scratch Obama’s “signature domestic achievement” but negotiate the details of doing so
-This is a priority to him, and he wants to get it done before moving on to tax reform
-Pausing at this point in the article, my thoughts went along to a dear sweet phrase I learned from my parents: Don’t poke a sleeping baby. In other words, don’t mess with something that doesn’t need to be messed with. Basically, I was having trouble understanding why Trump feels the need to poke at not only the Affordable Care Act, but other things that Obama has built up and made good for our country, and knock them down.
-Specifically, the bill represents an opening for an administration that has “been mired in infighting and controversy over an early executive action on immigration. He wants to replace Obama’s law which he called a “disaster,” and I’m still here questioning, why???
-As of a few days ago, the Affordable Care Act got the okay from two key House committees to be replaced with a more “modest system” of tax credits/a rollback of Obama’s Medicaid expansion. Obamacare is ending.
-Now, the new Healthcare Bill is “out for review and negotiation”
-Members of the House Freedom Caucus complained that the House Republican leadership was not listening to them – So Trump is making an extra special effort to listen to their concerns before making any official moves.
-People who have spoken with Trump have said that he has not spend a lot of time negotiating specific aspects of the bill. However, he plans to visit several cities over the upcoming weeks to “engage the American people on the need to repeal and replace.”

2. E.P.A.
-Scott Pruitt, the head of the Environmental Protection Agency, said that carbon dioxide was not a primary contributor to global warming. HA. He thinks that measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do, and that there’s “tremendous disagreement” about the degree of impact it has.
-This statement not only clashes with decades of scientific research and analysis, but also might get him in serious trouble with laws and regulations that the E.P.A. is charging with enforcing.
-Trump is already making changes to Obama’s climate change policies, but is he going to attack science altogether now??
-Benjamin Santer, a climate researcher at the Energy Department’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, flat out called Pruitt “wrong” and said that natural factors can’t explain the size/patterns of observed warming – A large human influence on global climate is the best explanation
-Pruitt has worked as the attorney general of Oklahoma where he tried to use legal tools to fight environmental regulations on oil and gas companies
-The Trump administration is preparing to roll back Obama’s two signature policies to address global warming: a pair of sweeping regulations intended to curb carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles and power plant smokestacks
-The Trump administration may be in violation of federal law because the E.P.A. is obligated to regulate carbon dioxide
-President Trump wants to undo Obama’s entire climate edifice

3. Refugee Ban II

B. Loquitur Coverage and Content 

1. Mix of stories
A newspaper should always offer a mix of stories to attract a variety of readers. This specifically includes on- and off-campus stories of various types of students that can identify as both hard and soft news. Looking at this issue of Loquitur, I do believe that it offers a sufficient variety of stories that can appeal to different audiences.
Beginning with the front page, there are two very strong stories right off of the bat that can appeal to a variety of readers. Katie and Jaclyn’s story on their spring break trip to Guatemala with an intertwined focus on Guicha, a Guatemalan woman from San Lucas Toliman. Have no fear – for readers that unfortunately might not have any interest in reading up on the Guatemala trip – Caitlyn’s story on Trump and the media is here! I really like how this front page was split with two stories. Caitlyn’s story covers something off campus, wordly, political and relatable. I also feel as if it is a story that people who both like or dislike Trump can easily read.
Moving onward, the issue has a very strong editorial on Syrian refugee’s, with a mix of a personal viewpoint from a student, correlation to CRS (which is something that takes place both on and off of Cabrini’s campus), and a relation to politics and the world today with the President Trump opener.
Looking over the news section, I would say there is a sufficient variety of stories from both on and off campus events that appeal to a variety of different audiences.
Casey’s article, “A blueprint for a successful senior year” opens up the perspectives section strongly with unquestionably relating to a variety of different audiences in her opening sentences. I love how she specifically stated “Whether you are a senior in college or someone who has been out of school for some time,” insinuating that the article’s content was going to be relatable to those who aren’t seniors in college. Sidenote.. I know the perspectives editors struggled with coming up with a headline for this article during layout, but I think this one they settled on is a bit misleading… From reading it, a reader might skip over the article thinking that it is only relevant for a senior in college. However that is definitely not the case!
Lasltly, one thing I did notice is that the sports section was Cabrini, Cabrini, Cabrini. Should the sports section have a variety of both on- and off-campus stories?

2. Upcoming events
In a newspaper, there should be stories written about upcoming events to let people know what they might want to attend. Looking at this issue of the Loquitur, I did not notice many stories about important upcoming events. However, I feel as if this is a bit of a touchy topic. I personally feel as if this was a very strong issue of the Loquitur. If it came down to it, I would not have taken away any specific stories in order to include a story about an upcoming event. I do think that stories about upcoming events should have been included in this issue though – but in addition to, not in substitution of other stories. I feel as if the sports section could have definitely used some type of article on what is up and coming for the spring. 

3. Cabrini is part of a major metropolitan area and coverage in our Loquitur stories should reflect that fact. I would say that this issue of the Loquitur does localize events beyond the campus and covers off-campus news. However, I would not say that it quite provides a “local connection” to Cabrini overall. It covers off campus events including Donald Trump and the media, Scott Pruitt’s new EPA, and education of girls in developing countries. Therefor, we definitely have our fair share of stories that go off campus. Personally, I would say the best story that localized an event beyond the campus was definitely Anna’s on the climate change march in Philadelphia. I feel as if this story has been a bit underrated and deserves a little more recognition. Anna went out of her way to pitch and write this story when luckily having fate practically place it into her lap one average day. In addition to that she also took photos, video and stepped out of her comfort zone to get interviews. Kudos to her – initiative!!!


Homework for February 20, 2017

A. New York Times

1. Trump, Meeting with Netanyahu, Backs Away From Palestinian State (Feb. 15)
Trump has recently declared that the United States would no longer insist on the creation of a Palestinian state as part of a peace accord between Israel and the Palestinians. Instead, he has promised to put effort into bringing the two sides together with a flexible agreement. He specifically said that he is looking at a two-state and one-state formulation/solution. Trump is confident in his ability to produce a breakthrough and make a deal, as long as Israel is flexible in any future discussions.

Mr. Netanyahu embraced Trump’s declaration, as long as the Palestinians recognize Israel as a Jewish state and the Israel maintain security control over the entire West Bank. Mr. Netanyahu actually looked forward to Mr. Trump’s inauguration, because it is the first time in his tour terms as prime minister that he would have a Republican president as a partner.

However, Trump’s focus on this Palestinian conflict has put the threat from Iran, a topic that is important to Mr. Netanyahu, in a standstill. He has yet to say anything about abandoning or renegotiating Obama’s nuclear agreement with Iran, even though he said it was one of the worst deals he has ever seen. He also has yet to repeat his vow to move the American Embassy to Jerusalem. Currently, his focus is on promising to do everything within his and our power to stop “long-simmering racism.”

2. The One-State Two-State Blues (Feb. 17)
In this New York Times article, open-ed columnist Roger Cohen discusses all of the background information relating to President Trump’s recent appearance with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel. However, he really puts his own touch of personality and opinionated tone into his writing, as to making it another formal and informational article.

Cohen first mentions how Trump was debating as to whether a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians should involve one state or two. In his eyes, there is not a basis for believing that the two-state idea is even achievable. Also, the only “one state” that he thinks Palestinians would like or accept is one in which they are equal citizens who get to vote. Trump did also say that both sides would have to make compromises though.

On the other hand, Netanyahu was up front with his aspirations, saying he prefers a Jewish state to retain the overriding security control over the entire area west of the Jordan River. According to Cohen, Netanyahu is going to have to put a half to settlement growth though.

One thing that Trump and Netanyahu obviously had in common during their appearance though is that they both share a love for the Palestinian people.

Apparently the education Minister of Israeli announced a “new era” recently as well, saying that there was no need for a “third Palestinian state beyond Jordan and Gaza.” Now, Israel will not annex the West Bank, because that would add 2.5 million Palestinian citizens and undo the Jewish state. Instead, they will continue with settlement growth, as they have for the past five decades.

3. Why Trump’s 2-for-1 Rule on Regulations is a NO Quick Fix (Feb. 17)
While the first article I read was highly formal, and the second article I read was both informational and witty, this last article had an obvious side to this current event.

New York Times Writer Robert Shiller begins his article by talking about how Trump intends to “pare back” numerous government regulations including environmental protection, food and drug safety and consumer finance. He sees logic to this approach, in the way that it backs behavioral economics and business circles and is popular among many of his followers. He also says how he can personally relate to emotional side of this because it reflects in his own extended family.

All emotions aside though, Shiller thinks that this is a misguided idea, because government regulations are critical to the functioning of a modern economy.


Homework for February 13, 2017

A. New York Times

1. Trump Has Choices to Make on Climate Policy. What Would You Do? (Feb. 2) 
Just a mere two weeks after Trump’s inauguration, he has eagerly already made environmental policy decisions regarding pipelines and an overall key environmental policy. However, his next moves that will come to follow those are quite unpredictable. It is important to remember that the climate will continue to change whatever policies the new administration adopts though.

When taking the New York Times quiz on Climate Policy, I first chose option 1 for every single question. As a result of that, I apparently did a pretty bad job of protecting the environment. Although it could always be worse, I still made many of the worst effects of climate change and did not take the most environmentally-friendly path. However, I was told that Republicans in Congress and many of the people who voted for him will support most of your decisions. Funny how that worked out! Not sure why people would support a non-environmentally-friendly path…

When taking the quiz a second time, I decided to choose “option 2” for every question. This resulted in the same outcome. Therefor, I took the quiz one last time, read through it thoroughly, and picked the answers that I genuinely felt were best. Unfortunately, I still got the same message at the end of the quiz saying that I did not do a great job at protecting the environment. This left me very distraught and confused. I would like to take the quiz in class and see what one has to answer in order to do a great job at protecting the environment.

2. Republican’s Try a New Tack on Climate Change (Feb. 2)
While climate change used to be a topic that Republican office holders fended off and were basically in denial about, it became obvious that human activity had some kind of correlation back to the obscure weather patterns that our climate has been experiencing. However, it was still questioned as to if humans are the main cause of global warming.

After decades of research by climate scientists though, the overall consensus is that human activity is the cause of most of the planetary warming of recent decades. After all, having carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases sour throughout our atmosphere has trapped extra heat near the surface of the planet, leading our Earth to warm up roughly 2 degrees since the late 19th century. Complex computer analyses of the climate can go to show that this human release of greenhouse gases is the largest explanation for this recent warming.

I found the following piece of information in the article very important:
If emissions continue at a high level but the Earth turns out to be less sensitive to greenhouse gases than currently believed, that would give humanity a few extra decades to come to grips with the situation. But it is not a get-out-of-jail-free card: If we keep burning fossil fuels in that time, scientists say the planet will still undergo profound, threatening changes.

The article ends by saying the moral case for action is to get zero emissions as soon as possible, and we should do this by starting with the facts collected by climate scientists and going from there.

3. For Democrats, Being Out of Power Has Its Perks (Feb 12)
While most articles in our news today tend to have a focus on Donald Trump and the Republican party, this article by New York Times writer Emmarie Huetteman shines a light on Democrats and the positive side of not being “in power” right now.

Currently, Democrats have had to come to a realization that problems such as repealing the Affordable Care Act are not their problem anymore.

With the transfer of power from President Obama to President Trump last month, Republicans obtained control of and responsibility for the White House and Congress. Democrats now face less pressing challenges.

B. February 9th Loquitur Issue (Strong aspects)

1. News
-Internships of the week
-Sock shops graphic
-Gun violence and resident assistants graphics

2. Perspectives
-Photo and graphic heavy (eye catching)
-I feel like the quotes in my article is the only thing that makes it stand out from the others… Everything is kind of the same which isn’t bad but..

3. Lifestyles
-Beautiful center fold….
-Good eye catching headlines
-Interesting how the spring semester article goes along the side… I feel like people might be less prone to reading it because of that layout?
-LOVE the graphic for Steve’s article

4. Sports
-Nice double photo with Meghan’s article on the men’s basketball game to give people a look into the game (and also fill empty space because that article wasn’t all that long)
-Watermark behind Bridget’s article about David Howell… eyecatching but is it distracting?
-I like the graphic in Rahmere’s article about the CSAC title more, or the watermark on Renata’s professional athletes article
-Kind of bad how Renata doesn’t go to Cabrini anymore and her article was published in this issue?


Homework for February 6, 2017

A. Ethics (Part 1)

1. Conflicts of Interest
-Can be harder to avoid at a college newspaper
-Student involvement can make it pretty hard to cover a campus objectively
-Career-minded young journalists often want to intern or freelance for local media organizations while they are in school
-Competition clauses also vary among student newspapers- Some don’t allow staffers to write for competing professional media while other courage student to get professional experience but draw a line
-Each paper is entitled to its own approach in the end

2. Plagiarism
-Major issues in journalism in recent years (professional world and student level)
-Your newspaper should have a written policy on how to handle it
-Sometimes a first offense may be cause for termination
-Editors should explain what it is and how to avoid it
-Strategy for prevention: Have reporters submit with each story a source list that includes phone numbers/email addresses for all people interviewed

3. Obscenity and Profanity
-You need to have a policy for using profound language in print
-You should also have a policy/process for dealing with sexually explicit material

4. Tips from a Pro
-When you decide to become a journalist, you have to give up certain things including your freedom of speech
-Journalists have a certain obligation to conduct their private lives along some guidelines that can restrict their freedom
-General rules a paper should consider to reduce the risk of creating real or apparent conflicts of interest include…
[Reporters should…]
1. Disclose to a newspaper any campus, city or hometown organization to which they belong so editors can avoid conflicts of interest when joining the staff of a paper
2. Not interview any relatives, friends or roommates for a story, or a professor if they are currently in their class
3. Avoid socializing with people on the beat they cover
4. Limit their political activities to the voting booth (news)
5. Not take part in the kind of activity on which they report (culture and arts)
6. Try to maintain a professional distance from the coaches and athletes whom they cover (sports)
7. Must think seriously about whether they face any conflicts of interests before accepting a story (editors)
8. Disclose any jobs they hold to see if those positions might create a conflict
9. Never show a story to a source before a publication
10. Newspapers should try never to use its own people as sources for a story

5. Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics
-The SPJ Code of Ethics is voluntarily embraced by thousands of journalists, regardless of place or platform, and is widely used in newsrooms and classrooms as a guide for ethical behavior
-Not a set of rules, but a resource for ethical decision-making, and is not legally enforceable
-Preamble: Public enlightenment is the forerunner of justice and the foundation of democracy. The duty of a journalist is to further those ends by seeking truth and providing a fair and comprehensive account of events and issues.
-Seek truth and report it: Journalists should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.
-Minimalism harm: Ethical journalists treat sources, subjects and colleagues as human beings deserving of respect.
-Act independently: Journalists should be free of obligation to any interest other than the public’s right to know
-Be accountable: Journalists are accountable to their readers, listeners, viewers and each other.

B. New York Times

1. UN Refugee Chief Opposes “Safe Zones” in Syria (Feb. 3)
2. Trump’s Refugee Order Triggers Protests Across Australia (Feb 4)
3. A Refugee Families First Days (Feb. 4)


Homework for January 30, 2017

A. New York Times 

1. Keep or Repeal Obamacare? It Might Be Up to the States

This political article by Haeyoun Park and Jasmine C. Lee discusses how multiple Senate Republicans have proposed a plan that offers three options to change health care coverage.

The first option is to let states keep the Affordable Care Act as it is. The second option would be an alternative plan with federal funding while the third would be an alternative plan with no federal funding.

Things that the Senate Republicans would want to repeal include individual mandate, employer mandate, subsidies, medicaid expansion and restrictions on charging more for older Americans. Things they would want to keep include medicaid expansion, essential health benefits, prohibitions on annual and lifetime limits and dependent coverage until the age of 26. Finally, things that Senate Republicans would want to change include subsidies and the pre-existing conditions policy.

While it is obvious that change will come with Trump being our new president, I think that the Senate should be very careful to undo actions that Obama took while he was our president. It is important to take into consideration how Obama was truly only acting on the best interest of our country while he held his position in office, especially in the spectrum of healthcare.

2. Things Can Only Get Worse

In this opinion article, New York Times writer, Paul Krugman, discusses his viewpoint on the “predictable bad news” of Trump’s presidency.

Krugman first brings up the economy and how our nation’s current employment rate is historically low. Since unemployment cannot fall much lower, he drew the conclusion that job creation will also be much slower than it was in the “Obama years.”

In addition to that, health care is also a front that Krugman predicts will plummet throughout Trump’s presidency. Trump’s plans to repeal Obamacare will most likely only cause the percentage of American’s without health insurance to rise, while they managed to fall to the lowest level ever under Obama. More specifically, the Congressional Budget Office estimates that there could potentially be 30 million newly uninsured people. On that note, Krugman throws in the towel with any hope he could have had with the Republican party by saying, “Republicans who have spent seven years failing to come up with a real replacement won’t develop one in the next few weeks, or ever.

Lastly, Krugman dives into the spectrum of crime and how the direction of where it will go in the future is unclear. While the rate of violent crime’s is currently low, he expects it will rise since the Trump administration cannot pacify America’s non-existent urban war zones.

In conclusion, the author predicts that Trump will handle the issues of rising unemployment, plunging health coverage and crime reduction by denying all three of those realities. He then says how Trump’s supporters will most likely sadly go along with that fantasy world, since they tend to block out all the good things from Obama’s era.

B. Newspaper Survival Guide Legal Issues

1. Censorship and the rights of students at private schools
-Student journalists at private collages and universities in the United States have different free speech protections than those in public school
-The First Amendment only limits censorship by government officials or others
-Some states, such as California, have salutes that protect free expression at private schools

2. Key points from Libel
-Libel is anything written or printed that defames a person
-Defamation: A statement must damage the person’s reputation, saying something negative about a person, group or business, causing them shame
-Identification: Must clearly identify a person by name or by some other designation that will make at least some readers understand the statement is about the victim
-Publication: Must be published or broadcast, being read or heard by people other than the author and the subject
-Falsity: Must be false
-Injury: Person must prove that the defamatory statement has led to actual injury
-Fault: Plantiff must prove some degree of fault, which depends on whether the person is a private or public figure. According to the U.S. Supreme Court, public figures must prove actual malice in publishing the defamation, which means a reporter knew facts that would disprove the story but published it anyway, did not check information that might have disproved a story, used obviously unreliable sources or made up a story.
-Consent: If a person consents to the media using a defamatory statement, he can’t later sue if the statement injures his reputation
-Privilege: A newspaper is not liable when it publishes fair and accurate accounts of official public proceedings and reports
-Opinion: Statements of pure opinion cannot be libelous

3. Five red flags to stay out of trouble: When writing or editing a story, ask yourself the following questions…
-Do you trust the reporter’s sources?
-Could any statements damage someone’s reputation?
-Have you inadvertently identified any person who the writer meant to be unidentifiable?
-Has the reporter or photographer invaded anyone’s privacy?
-Do you have permission to use photos or graphics taken from the Internet or other publication?

4. Basic policy to know about Copyright
-Copyright protects the creator of an original work from unauthorized use of the work
-Work includes music, articles, photos, graphics and so on
-It is a kind of property right
-To be able to copyright something, it must be original and it must be fixed in any tangible medium of expression
-Copyright ownership varies for student newspapers in the way that it’s often not clear who owns the copyright to published material sometimes
-You always need to get permission from copyright owners when it comes to photo’s or other materials that you’d like to use in a newspaper


Homework for January 23, 2017

A. My August-December Journalism Assessment

Strengths:
-Writing an article for The Loquitur during the spring semester of my freshman year
-Writing 3 articles over the summer (1+ than the required)
-Pitching 5 of my article topics
-Getting those I wrote about in my articles to recognize/share them
-Having diverse sources ranging from students with different majors on campus, Cabrini faculty, staff and alumni, students of different ages from off campus, and community members
-Influencing friends and other students to enjoy journalism more by pitching article ideas and writing more about topics they are passionate about

Weaknesses:
-Knowing the do’s/don’ts (making silly MLA mistakes)
-Planning ahead and getting work done far in advance
-Having my camera with for high quality article photos
-Referring to Student Newspaper Survival Guide/notes to strengthen my writing

B. NY Times Stories that examine where we are as a nation


December 2016

In his 1971 best selling song “Imagine,” English musician John Lennon said, “You may say I’m a dreamer, but I’m not the only one.” While Lennon was dreaming of a peaceful world without division of religion and nationality, his lyric can also apply to those who are stuck in steady standstill jobs, afraid to take the risk of following their dreams instead. To those who have bigger dreams than being stuck in a cubicle from nine to five every day only to pay the bills, you are not the only one.

Click here to read more about what it is like to leave a comfortable job to follow a dream, with personal viewpoints from professional writers, The Minimalists, and a Emanuel Chacon, a former Cabrini admissions counselor.


Homework for November 14th

A. Nov. 14 Headlines
-How do specific headlines in Loquitur compare and contrast with what is in this chapter
-Critique of individual headlines

Writing Headlines:
-Read the story first
-Play with words
-Avoid groaner puns
-Use present tense
-Use active voice
-Write a skeleton sentence
-Leave out unnecessary words
-Don’t cannibalize the story
-Don’t put information in the headline that isn’t in the story
-Avoid unfamiliar acronyms and abbreviations
-Avoid bad line splits
-Run a spell check
-Consider the tone of the story
-Be specific
-Consider photos and graphics
-Check other elements on the page
-Punch up your verbs
-Be conversational
-Be accurate

Loquitur Critique:
1. “Voting with your Conscience” panel allows for discussion on economics in politics (Laura Sansom)
-Could have used a play on words
-Uses present tense which is good
-Could be challenged… Is a bit obvious
-Specific but does not really make a reader want to read the story if they are not interested in learning about the event

2. Students donate blood and save lives (Coraline Pettine)
-Could 100% be challenged
-Very short and bland
-Not specific enough
-Accurate but not eye catching

3. President Donald Trump takes office: What now? (Cece)
-Good play with words by ending it with a question to pull a reader in
-Uses present tense
-Does not have unnecessary words
-Challenges a reader by making them want to know “what now”
-Sets the tone for the story
-Is conversational
-Has a good photo paired
-Good headline overall

4. Daylight savings: what, when, why? (Lauren Stohler)
-Could have used a play with words
-Does not have unnecessary words (good)
-Sets the tone for the story: You can tell it is going to be informational
-Is a little bland
-Not sure how to feel overall…

5. That gross time of year again (Bridget Gaynord)
-Plays with words (good)
-Uses puns but not “groaner” puns (I think)
-Challenging headline: makes a reader want to read more… What is “that gross time” of year?
-Not sure if it sets a tone for the story or not
-Is vague, but I think in a good way?
-Conversational

6. Cabrini’s Favorite Top 10 Fall TV Shows (Hayley Curtiss)
-Uses present tense
-Doesn’t have unnecessary words
-Not challenged though, too obvious
-Doesn’t set a tone for the story
-Very bland
-Could have used a play on words from some of the titles of the TV shows maybe?
-Reader will only be interested if they care about TV shows, it doesn’t pull any average person in
-Sidenote… All of her interviews are from her best friends…

7. Are college students still tuning into live television? (Jessica Farrarelli)
-Doesn’t play with words, but that’s okay
-Uses present tense and active voice
-Doesn’t have unnecessary words
-Is not too obvious
-Asks a question that a reader can only find out the answer to by reading the article! Love!

8. “Confidence is extremely attractive in all senses of the word”
-Love how Hope used a quote as her headline!
-Pulls a reader in
-The survival guide doesn’t say anything on using quotes as headlines though… Would like to discuss this in class

B. NYTimes Nov. 14

1. New Zealand struck by powerful earthquake
In this article, New York Times writer Michelle Innis goes into the details of a powerful earthquake that hit the east coast of New Zealand’s South Island on Monday, November 7th.

The earthquake triggered multiple aftershocks and tsunami waves which damaged roads, buildings and a hotel. It also killed at least two people; one resulting from a heart attack, and the other taking place on a historic homestead. Some properties along the east coast were evacuated, but none had been seriously damaged.

According to Prime Minister John Key, it is not unusual for New Zealand to get earthquakes, but they are starting to build in intensity. This earthquake was 40 to 50 times worse than one that hit in 2011, killing 185 people and injuring 164.

I would say this article definitely ranks as one of the most important stories of the week because I saw multiple blurbs about it all over social media since it has occurred. The article is very well written in the way that it is factual but also to the point and not overly detailed. It also includes a video that was posted on Twitter of the tsunami siren going off, a high quality photo of people evacuating buildings during the event, and iPhone photos of cracked roads that someone from the area tweeted.

2. Donald Trump’s Long To-Do List for Day 1
After Trump’s election last week, many people have been wondering what his first courses of action will be as president. This article by New York Times writer Michael D. Shear answers that question.

Donald Trump’s first full day in office as president is a mere two months away, on January 21st 2017. On day 1, Shear says he has promised to redirect immigration enforcement, alter trade relations with China and other nations, relax restrictions on energy production, impose new rules on lobbyists, halt efforts to combat global warming, lift curbs on guns, push for congressional term limits and demand a new strategy for defeating the Islamic State.

Narrowing it down though, Trump specifically wants to make changes to the areas of immigration, the economy and trade, and the environment.

On immigration, he commented, “We will begin moving them out, Day 1. My first hour in office, those people are gone.” On economy and trade, he wants to help struggling American workers who are frustrated by the loss of jobs. With the environment, he wants to lift the Obama era rules that restrict where oil drilling and other energy production are done.

In addition to those plans, Trump wants to convene a meeting of senior Pentagon officials to discuss the threat posed by the Islamic State and other terror groups, and act to get ride of gun-free zones around schools and other facilities.

It is obvious that Trump will not be able to make all of these changes within the 24 hours of his first official day in office. However, it is unclear as to how long all of these changes will take, or which issues he wants to act on first.

Personally, along with many others, I am not thrilled that Donald Trump is our president. However, I a positive thinker and an advocate of the phrase “everything happens for a reason.” Therefor, I hope this will all make sense some day soon and that there will be a clear, uplifting reason as to why Donald Trump has taken the role as the leader of our nation.

C. Possible story focus and research

Initially, I honestly had no idea where I wanted to go with this assignment. However, when my classmate Lauren spoke up in class on Monday about what she was brainstorming for her focus, a light bulb went off in my head. Thanks Lauren!

If possible, I would like to focus on jobs within the spectrum of economics, and how adults are either very passionate about their jobs, or may have to leave their jobs in order to follow their passions and dreams.

I came up with the potential idea to interview Emanuel Chacon, a previous counselor for Cabrini University’s Office of Admissions. Taking the keyword of “previous” from that sentence, I would interview him on how he courageously left his position in Admissions to follow his dreams by becoming a dancer for Step Africa, a dance company dedicated to the African American tradition of “stepping.”

Emanuel went from working an average, comfortable day to day desk job to now touring nationally and internationally with this non-profit organization, presenting workshops worldwide through using his passion of stepping as an education tool.

Finding research for this topic may be a bit difficult. However, I am determined to at least give it a go.


Homework for November 7th

A. Nov. 7 Leadership in in-depth stories
-How the selection of this assignment shows thought and leadership on the part of the assigning editor
-How the writer (and/or visual team) fulfilled the hopes and promise of the assignment to convey the message

1. Perspectives- College relationships: What’s right? What’s wrong?
-The assigning editor came up with a good topic, since college relationships are kind of all over the place nowadays
-Emma fulfilled the hopes of the assignment by going deep into the background of college relationships in our day in age
-Emma did not fulfill the promise of the assignment because this was a perspectives article, but she only had a few sentences on her point of view. I feel as if she could have went a lot more into what she personally thought on the topic.

2. Lifestyles- What time is it? Time for cult classic series ‘Adventure Time’ to end
-The assigning editor did not come up with this topic… Eric actually did himself! The assigning editor approved his idea, but Eric showed thought and leadership himself.
-Eric fulfilled the hopes and promise of the assignment by making it very lengthy and filled with great detail
-He went out of his way to reach out to Adventure Time’s writers for quotes which was great

3. Sports- Stephen Parker: Living two of his dreams at once
-The assigning editor most likely put some a good amount of thought into who in the sports department would be an interesting subject to focus on
-The editor also showed leadership by coming up with the idea to cover Stephen Parker and pushing a writer to reach out to him about his personal life for this story
-The writer fulfilled the hopes of the assignment by reaching out to Stephen Parker for an interview
-She got great quotes and information from the interview, which took up most of her article
-The writer did not fulfill the hopes of the assignment by only getting quotes from Stephen Parker… She could have also gotten quotes from a player on the tennis team about Parker and why he is an inspiration

B. I Learned This from Chapter 10

1. Leadership style
-Good leaders use a mix of being an authoritarian leader, a democratic leader and a leader who gives others autonomy to make their own decisions
-To be a good leader, one has to be able to read people and figure out what they need
-Leaders have to be stern from time to time as well
-Praise can be a motivating force
-Recognition could come in the form of a pat on the back

2. Steve Buttry 
Before the reporter turns in a story, talk early and often
-Discuss story ideas with the reporter
-Focus on the reader
-Ask what the story is about and about the lede
-Discuss social media, records, data, liveblogging opportunities, audio and video,  interactivity and maps
-Debrief
-Suggest sidebars and graphics, an outline, writing without notes, and areas to condense
-Encourage rewriting
-Promote alternatives
-Suggest areas to condense
-Don’t rewrite the lede or insist on your approach

3. Coaching writers
-What’s the story about?
-What’s your lede?
-What’s your nut graph?
-What’s new?
-Why are we writing this story?
-Why should readers care?
-What’s your headline?
-What’s the most interesting thing you learned in your reporting?
-What’s your best quote?
-Who are the most interesting characters in your story?
-What does the reader need to know?
-How would you explain this story to a friend?
-What would make a good ending?

4. Checklist for editing a story
A. Content
-Does the lede capture the essence of the story?
-Does the story flow smoothly?
-Are there any holes in the story?
-Are all the assertions in the story backed up by facts?
-Has the writer provided the appropriate background information to put the story in context?
-Does the timeline of events make sense?
-Are the basic facts correct?

B. Mechanics
-Are there errors of grammar, syntax, spelling or styles?
-Does the story follow AP guidelines?
-Does the math add up?
-Is there any unnecessary redundancy or repetition?

C. Law, ethics and taste
-Is the story fair and balanced?
-Are there any potentially libelous statements?
-Is the story written in good taste?
-Does the story include any profane language?
-Are there any references some people might find offensive?

5. Meetings
-Make sure someone is in charge
-Create an agenda
-Invite key players
-Start promptly
-Rein it in
-End promptly

6. Planning special projects
-What’s the main focus of the project?
-How can the story be told in text- What stories, sidebars and information boxes will be included?
-How can the story be told in photos? What can photographers shoot? Does the story warrant a slideshow, photo page or gallery?
-How can the story be told in graphics- what maps, infographics, illustrations and other graphic elements would enhance the story?
-How can the story be told with multimedia- what videos, slideshows, interactive maps and graphics and other tools would help the online presentation?
-How can the staff use social media to help report and promote the story?
-Should the project include commentary- an editorial or opinion columns from your staff or others on campus?
-How should the package look?

7. Dealing with controversy
-Listen to all sides and keep your cool
-Take time to formulate a response
-When you or the paper has made an error, admit it, run a correction, apologize to the injured party and move on

8. Evaluating staff
-Set the time and place for a performance evaluation
-Plan what you’re going to say
-Put the staff member at ease
-Review the process
-Start with a self-evaluation
-Sandwich criticism between compliments
-Focus on the future
-Get specific
-Look for trends
-Write it down
-Come up with an action plan
-Ask for feedback
-End on a high note

C. My 2-3 most important NYTimes stories
Write about a 100-word summary for each of the 2-3. Fate will choose five or six of you to explain the story to the class. Nov. 7 NYTimes

1. Australia Doubles Down on Cruel Refugee Policy
In this story, the New York Times Editorial Board goes into how the Australia’s Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, is going to propose a new refugee policy this week. Under this policy, anyone who seeks to enter Australia without authorization would be forbidden to. To put it into perspective, about 1,200 people that are currently in camps in Nauru and Papua New Guinea would not be able to legally visit their relatives in Australia.

Turnbull wants the refugee’s to know that the door to Australia is closed. However, he is specifically targeting refugees who are scrambling to find a haven in this crisis.

This blanket ban on migrants who want to reach Australia by boat would end up depriving Australia of talented people.

Australian lawmakers will most likely oppose the proposal. However, their opposition leader in Parliament, Bill Shorten, said the proposal seemed ridiculous. He could not understand how a genuine refugee who settles in the U.S. or Canada and becomes a U.S. or Canadian citizen could be banned from visiting Australia as a tourist, businessman or businesswoman years down the road.

The New York Times Editorial Board ends the story by saying this is a cruel, shortsighted and shameful position for a national that has historically welcomed refugees.

2. Is There Life After Trump?
In this opinion article, New York Times writer Peter Wehner voices his opinion on what will happen to the Republican Party and our republic as a whole if Trump wins the election.

According to Wehner, if the tens of millions of Americans that are planning to vote for Trump follow through with their stance, the Republican Party will inflict great harm on our republic. However, it’s become more about winning an argument than winning an election for people that are voting.

Wehner goes into how Republicans have been trying to reverse three destructive trends that have emerged over the last decade. These three trends are anti-intellectualism, political recklessness, and appealing to nativism and xenophobia.

Wehner says how one’s allegiance isn’t to a “party,” but to a set of ideas and ideals, to the good of the whole.

He ends the article by concluding that, if Trump wins the election, the Republican Party will be fundamentally redefined. A party that is recast into the image of Donald Trump is something that a lot of people would want nothing to do with.


Homework for October 31st

A. I learned this from Chapter 9 that can be applied to Loquitur 

1. What goes into editorials
Editorials are opinion pieces that comments on news and reflect the views of a paper’s editorial board. A professional paper usually have dedicated editorial staff writers who do research, form opinions and write cogent editorials on the issues of the day. They will typically meet a a group on a regular basis to decide what issues the want to weight in on and what stance the paper will take on them.

Editorials could be written by an editor-in-chief or individual editors or reporters. It’s important to always keep in mind that unsigned editorials represent the institutional voice of a paper and the opinions expressed should speak for an editorial board, not just an individual writer.

In an editorial page, there are:
A Masthead- a list of the editorial board members, usually the editor-in-chief, editorial page editor and other representatives of the newspaper staff appointed by the top editor
Editorial- an opinion piece that comments on the news and reflects the views of the paper’s editorial board
Editorial policy- an explanation of whose views are expressed in editorials and columns and restrictions on opinion section content
Column- A personal opinion piece by a staff columnist, staff writer or other contributor. Some newspapers label columns as staff column and guest column
Column logo- label for a column that includes a writer’s name and a headshot
Columnist bio- brief note about a columnist that may include their major, year, position on the newspaper or job title
Letters to the editor- Letters from readers
Editorial cartoon- A humorous sketch that comments on news or politics
Contact box- Info on how readers can contact the newspaper opinion section
Contribution policy- explanation of how readers can contribute columns or letters to the opinion section

2. What goes into op-ed (perspectives)
An “op-ed” or perspectives page is a spot for columnists and community members to share their views. Unlike editorials, these pieces represent the opinions of individual authors. In order to make a perspectives page lively, a paper should solicit contributions from around a campus and get a variety of opinions when a topic takes over a campus.

3. Editorial Process
Editorials are designed to explain, persuade, warn, criticize, entertain, praise or lead. Many newspapers have an editorial board hat discusses the editorials for each issue. This board could meet, bring topics to discuss, vote on the editorial stance and assign someone in the majority to write to editorial. Many student editorial boards decide positions by taking a vote of the board, which could be difficult and possibly left up to the opinion editor or editor-in-chief.

4. Tips from a pro
How to spark interest in an editorial:
-Put something in the rest of the paper that’s worth commenting about. Shake things up!
-Make it easy for readers to respond to stories they see in the paper by adding a letters link at the end of every online story and an email address at the end of printed stories
-Include a box with one of your editorials that says “Now it’s your turn to weight in on this topic. Send us your letters,” with the mail address and how to respond online.

5. Q&A
-The role of opinion pages in a student newspaper is to promote debate on issues affecting the community ad be a venue where differing perspectives can be offered
-To get ideas for editorial cartoons, talk to people, read newspapers, watch TV or surf the internet
-When you don’t have an idea, keep trying because there is always a new idea out there waiting to be caught
-A successful cartoon is one that makes readers want to talk about a topic

B. Loquitur’s Editorial Leadership

In Mass Com, we learned that the purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with the information they need to make the best possible decisions about their lives, their communities, their societies, and their governments.

I believe that editorials in Loquitur are focused on topics that matter. Looking back at the editorials that have been written for Loquitur so far this year, some of the topics that have been covered include millennials voting, the Syrian refugee crisis, Hurricane Matthew, why Cabrini should have off on election day, and live tweeting the 2016 debates. Within that list, there are some topics that obviously matter more than others; all of the topics matter though.

The following three editorials go to show how Loquitur editorials have asked questions that go beyond the surface, in order for the Cabrini community to be well informed, and Loquitur has fulfilled the true purpose of journalism thus far this year.

1. What would Mother Cabrini have to say about the Syrian Refugee Crisis?
I love this editorial written by Molly. It not only has a question that goes beyond the surface written in its title, but it also connects the Cabrini community to the outside crisis that Syrian refugee’s have been experiencing.

2. Now it’s time for millennials to control the vote
This editorial by our editor-in-chief is a bit brief, but it still goes beyond the surface with a great graphic, background research and focus on a topic that the Cabrini student body and other college student bodies can relate to. It definitely informed the Cabrini community in a short and sweet way about why we should get up and vote.

3. Hurricane Matthew: Did we get to see the full picture?
This editorial gives background information on Hurricane Matthew and how citizens in the United States need to be properly informed about what is happening around the world, not just what is personally affecting their own lives and surrounding areas. It asks the following questions:
-Why is the media not talking about Haiti?
-Are the lives of those in Haiti really that much less important than those in the United States?
-If the media is going to selfishly only report on the deaths in the United States, why would readers have any different mindset?
If those questions don’t make a reader think, I don’t know what will. They truly go beyond the surface.

C. NY Times Endorsement 

The thesis of this New York Times endorsement for Hillary Clinton from Sept. 2016 is that they have chosen to support her out of respect for her intellect, experience and courage in the presidential race.

It acknowledges the opposing points of view right off the bat in the first paragraph. The editorial board would normally compare the two presidential candidates side by side. However, they openly express that they cannot even compare Clinton to Trump out of belief that Trump would be the worst nominee put forward by a major party in modern American history.

Following the up front introduction, the editorial has many thorough and well-developed points that support the thesis. They include:
-persuading those who are hesitant to vote for Clinton to do so
-the best case for Clinton isn’t that she isn’t Trump, but that she has the capacity to raise the challenges our country faces
-Clinton has endless knowledge on issues that impact our country, from her 40+ years in public life
-her campaign shows a determined leader that wants to create opportunity for struggling Americans
-she is one of the most tenacious politicians of her generation
-she was a first lady and had over 8 years in the senate
-she has had a record of service with children, women and families throughout all of her adult life
-the list goes on and on…
-ultimately, she qualifies for the job as president because she has a lifetime commitment to solving problems in the real world


Homework for October 24th

A. I learned this from Chapter 8

1. Previews
Previews can also be known as “advances.” These stories tell a reader about an upcoming performance or exhibit. They can be written as briefs, by taking a more general approach on a topic, or a longer feature story, by focusing on a specific aspect of a performance. Things that go into a preview include dates, times and location of performances or exhibits, a phone number for a venue, or ticket prices. This information is typically written in italics at the end of a story or in an information box with a photo in a story.

2. Reviews
A review is a critical analysis of some type of artistic work, such as a performance or exhibit. Reviews include the following five basic elements:
-A catchy opening: draws readers into the piece
-Identifying information: the name of the work, primary artists involved, when and where it can be seen
-Concise summary of the content of the work
-Critical assessment of the work: includes its strengths and weaknesses and whether the audience would appreciate it
-Background and history: creative works by the artist and how the work compares with others in the genre

3. Should you use “I”
This is the question of every critic, and one that cannot be agreed upon even by professional reviewers. Some say it should not only be discouraged, but banished, while others say it adds personality and intimacy to a reviews. In the end, one shoudl write what feels natural to themselves and find their own style.

4. A tip from Roger Ebert- Words of wisdom for young journalsits
-The must visits during the act of composition, not before
-No article will ever be finished unless it is started
-If you procrastinate, play with deadlines and delay doing assignments, get out of the business. You’re not enjoying it. 

5. A tip from Sean McCourt
-Make it happen: When you se a band or musician you want to interview coming to your town, get in touch with your contact at that particular venue and ask for the band’s contact information. Set up an interview, do the interview, and the article could run in advance o the group’s local appearance.

6. A tip from Rob Owen
-Other student journalists and critics can get film, music and other entertainment industry people to take them seriously by acting professionally and not being fake. If you ask for an interview and they grant it, send them a clip. Learn to work with publicity folks by not doing what they tell you to taking every pitch they send your way, but by building rapport and relationships to be taken more seriously.

B. Chapter 8 and Loquitur Lifestyle’s
How do specific Lifestyles stories exhibit what you learned in Ch. 8 or how might some stories be improved with Ch. 8 advice.

Looking at the Lifestyle’s section of Loquitur online, I decided to depict any of the most recent stories that have been published since October 15th.

1. Preview- Meet the Mr. and Mrs. Cabrini Pageant Contestants by Steve Halko 
This article is a very good preview of the Mr. and Mrs. Cabrini Pageant because it tells a reader who they are going to be seeing in the event. Steve focused on each student that will be playing a role in the pageant, giving a behind the scenes scoop on each one of them. Marissa and Emily’s video also went along with it wonderfully. A brief introduction to the background information of the actual pageant would have played a nice role at the beginning of the article though, just incase there was a person reading it who had never heard of the pageant before and was not familiar with the event itself

2. Review- Where did Pokemon go by Rahmere Griffin
This article by Rahmere is a critical analysis of Pokemon Go, the app that took may by storm over the summer by seemed to quickly fade after that. Rahmere drew a reader into the piece by saying how the app was one of the most popular apps over the summer but is now in decline. After reading that first sentence, a reader then wants to know why it is in decline. He then includes identifying background information about Pokemon Go, and a summary of the content of the game. Following that, he critically assesses its strengths and weaknesses, along with quotes from students, and goes into why the game has lost its appeal. I would say this is a generally good review.

Fall right into the season of hayrides, pumpkin picking and more by Ashley Lodise 
In this article, Ashley reviews five different fall attractions for students to seek out during the fall season. These places include Linvilla Orchards, Highland Orchards, Shady Maple, Bates Motel, Eastern State Penitentiary, and the Philadelphia Regatta. I think Ashley did a very good job at writing this article. The editing/posting of it looks very disorganized though, which makes it a bit unappealing to read, especially by the end when a reader comes to the Philadelphia regatta.

I feel like this article also collides with her “Have the best autumn ever with this Fall Bucket List.” The bucket list article was published after the fall attractions article, which makes me think that the bucket list was a bit limited because she did not want to write the same things that she did in her fall article.

A “bucket list” is defined as “a list of things that one has not done before but wants to do before dying,” or in this case, before the end of the fall season. Typically, a bucket list includes a number of fun ideas that are realistic but also a bit far fetched, in order for a person to be motivated to attempt to achieve all of the things listed before a certain deadline. However, I do not feel as if this bucket list seemed to align with that description. I think bucket lists are a great idea for our Lifestyle’s section, especially if they are seasonal. I just feel as if this one did not live up to that sweet and simple potential that it allows though, which I think might have been more of a reflection on its editor than its writer. Whomever edited this allowed Ashley to write two similar articles in the Lifestyle’s section, and did not push her to put together a better bucket list.

It begins with an introduction on Pumpkin Spice Latte’s, which makes it seem as if the article is going to be on something like Pumpkin Spice Latte’s from different coffee chains such as Dunkin, Starbucks and Wawa, or different fall drinks in general. The introduction does not reflect as a catchy opening that draws a reader into the piece.

For boys, the bucket list includes wearing Tims, sweat pants, t-shirts, and flannels. These are just articles of clothing. It also suggests to go hunting, fishing and camping, activities that can be done all year, as well as drinking hot coffee, which is something that people again, do year round. Lastly, “cuffing season” should not be something listed on a bucket list… People who would normally rather be single should not seek out to be “cuffed” or tied down by a serious relationship in the fall months, as if that is necessary.

For girls, the bucket list includes wearing wearing scarves, leg warmers, boots, and leggings, which are again, simple clothing items that people would wear in the fall anyway just to keep warm. Being brutally honest, number 13, “take Tumblr pics in leaves” also made me cringe. Why not just “have a fall photo shoot.” Also, kissing in the rain can be done all year, star gazing is more appealing in the summer.

It may seem like I thought way too much into this, but I feel as if it is a reflection of our Lifestyle’s section. Article topics should not match up this closely, especially if they are written by the same author. Bucket lists are a great idea that can be kept short and sweet; they do not have to contain 40 things if that is going to make it a bit mumbo jumbo. Our Loquitur editors are doing a great job at setting aside extra time to meet with staff writers to make sure we don’t have any questions and are on the right track with our work. But they shouldn’t be afraid to push writers a bit more by sending an article back and requesting multiple changes. For example, with this bucket list, the girls and guys lists should have been narrowed down to 5-10 things each that were strictly fall related. Or, the article should have been changed altogether to something having to do with pumpkin spice drinks, since that’s what the introduction was written on.

3. The First Person Dilemma
I think that we should discuss this one in class. We stand with Kloman, the Pittsburgh critix and Pitt News adviser when he says the use of “I” should be banished, right? Or wrong?

C. Most helpful stories on campaign this week 

1. Trump on Higher Education
His concerns:
-student loans
-colleges don’t spend their large endowments on students
-unfairness of student debt in US
-students graduate from great colleges but then aren’t offered good jobs
-students shouldn’t be asked to pay more on loans than they can afford

His plans:
-making student loans based on graduates’ incomes (some say there aren’t enough details to know if that plan is progressive or regressive)
-forcing colleges to cut tuition rates
-having colleges save money by eliminating the “tremendous bloat” in their administrations
-vowing to protect student free speech but not detailing how he would do so

Reflection from Clinton administration:
-still waiting for Donald Trump to lay out a detailed plan for addressing these issues
-these promises he has made so far are as empty as the promises he made to students at Trump University
-does not have a real plan to make college debt-free and provide relief for millions of borrowers

2. Hilary on Higher Education
Her concerns:
-No family and no student should have to borrow to pay tuition at a public college or university
-Everyone who has student debt should be able to finance it at lower rates
-States are cutting back on their investment in higher education and hiking tuition

Her plans:
-Make a bold transformation of how we would do higher education financing in our country
-A higher education plan with a $350 billion proposal that would help millions pay for college and reduce interest rates for people with student loans
-Offer additional proposals intended to help nontraditional students, such as those who are already parents to complete their degrees
-Allow students to attend a four-year public college without taking out loans for tuition or attend a community college tuition-free
-Push states to spend more on higher education
-Encourage institutions to cut costs while boosting graduation rates
-Address the underlying issue that led to the need for those changes and the nation’s collective $1.2 trillion in student loan debt
-Allow refinancing so existing borrowers could sharply cut their interest rates

Reflection from Trump:
-Did not see one

My reflection
-The article on Trump was shorter, showing that he does not have as many plans, let alone “a” plan on higher education. He has ideas but they do not seem ready to be finalized and put into action soon enough after his potential election as president to be effective.

-The article on Clinton was longer and contained lots of plans that are well thought out and have the potential to be put into effect as soon as she is given the chance to act on them. There were also no comments listed from her on what Trump is doing in the article, similar to how she did not take a second out of the minute she was granted at the very end of the last debate to talk about Trump. Meanwhile, the article on Trump touched base on what Clinton was doing, in a negative way. He also took time out of the minute he was granted to bash Hilary. Overall, Hilary seems more driven and focused on herself and her potential as president, which I do like.

Hilary seems to have better plans, even though I still do not necessarily agree with either of the candidates.


Homework for October 17th

A. I learned this from Chapter 7

Over the past few days, I have received word that Loquitur Lifestyle’s writers make a transition from Lifestyle’s to Sports about half way through the semester. This makes me a bit nervous, since I have the presumption that sports is not my strong suit of writing. Basically, I feel as if writing about sports is equivalent to taking a math test or writing a biology lab. However, while I have not done very well in math or biology, I still have yet to truly test the waters with sports. Fortunately, to my favor, this week’s chapter of the Students Newspaper survival guide was entitled “Sportswriting.”

The chapter opens with scratching the surface of sportswriting, saying how a sportswriter is challenged to describe events with passion, make a reader sheir their emotions, entertain and inform, and give an overall feel of what it was like to be at an event. It then goes into different types of sports stories.

1. The different types of stories that can go in sports

There are a number of different types of stories for a sports section in a newspaper. This includes advances, game stories, profiles, sports features, sports news stories, sports columns, and other special sections.

2. Ideas for covering games stories 

Game stories are accounts/breaking news stories, typically written on a tight deadline, of a particular game or a series of games. These stories should be able to tell what made the team win, how the star athletes performed, how an individual athlete’s efforts affected the outcome, injuries, weather conditions, and the future of the team after the game.

An idea for a game story would be covering a summary of a game, including significant details, key statistics and quotes from players and coaches that offer analysis about what happened. Here is a good example of a recent game story from the Loquitur!

One important side note mentioned in this section is that college sports editors understand that game stories can and should be posted online as soon as a game is over. Some college’s also use live blogging tools to report on games as they are happening.

During a game, it is recommended that sportswriters come up with an effective way of note-taking and keeping score to have a running log of what’s going on. This could be through a tablet, smartphone, small laptop or classic notepad and pen.

3. Ideas for profiles and features 

In addition to game stories, there are also profiles. A profile is a portrait of a particular player, coach, trainer or athletics official. Players and coaches who have overcome obstacles are also good subjects for profiles. I remember Marissa did this really good Bob Walsh profile last year, which I took the photo for.

When reporting for a profile, it is important to schedule an interview with your source in a place away from a field or court in order to gain insights about their personal lives. Questions about their goals, motivations, strengths and insecurities should be asked.

There are also sports features, sports news stories and sports columns. Features capture a trend or slice of life about a sport or team, news stories break out when an event like the death or resignation of a coach occurs, and columns personalize sports pages by going beyond top-of-the-head musings with a point.

4. Challenges of covering sports for a weekly 

A writer has to take a different approach for a sports section that is coming out weekly or even more frequently than that. Dig deeper by looking at which players on a team are emerging as stars r having troubles to tell part of a story. Students can also have look-ahead ledes that discuss what’s coming up next, what is expected of a team’s next opponent, or what the team is doing to prepare for their next game.

Another way to keep reader’s interest is to have a special preview section with components including a game schedule, a team roster, player profiles, team and player stats, bios on coaches and history timelines.

5. How should the web be used

Regardless of what type of sports story is being written though, having them on the Web definitely enhances coverage. This includes live game-blogs that offer a mix of play-by-play analysis and fan interaction, and post game stories with basic information of the score, team names, location, key plays, and game’s significance. Having Twitter feeds to report games and other sports news also falls into this category.

6. Bias

One last important point made in this chapter is the important of avoiding bias. When covering sports, a writer should not let who they are rooting for show through.

7. Tips from a Pro 

-Develop daily, weekly and monthly news budgets
-Hold regular meetings with staffers
-Work closely with the photo and design desks to have top-quality pictures
-Have a weekly athlete profile that focuses on an impressive athletic performance or reveals and interesting student athlete
-Write precedes for as many games as possible
-Publish conference standings alongside game precedes and game stories
-Make sure staff develops in-depth stories that can lift the section up to the next level
-Deliver more content on many more multimedia platforms more more frequently

B. Loquitur Print Issue #2
Notable stories in this week’s Loquitur that illustrate points from Chapter 7 

1. Coach Mitchell Kline, a one of a kid, dies at 64
-Sports feature because it focuses on the death of a coach
-Opens up with good background information
-Has multiple quote sources that keep a reader intrigued, as to just simply talking about Kline himself the whole time

2. Devon Scharf: The girl behind the mask
-Profile
-Opens up with the fact that Scharf is the goalie for three different sports teams at Cabrini which is a general fact but also lures a reader in to want to know more
-Has multiple quotes from Scharf and those that know her
-Eye catching photo in the middle
-(From the photo) Looks like Scharf was interviewed off of a field which could have been beneficial to the article

3. Carson Wentz answers the bell for Philadelphia fans
-Sports news? Although it is not news for Cabrini specifically, and it is also a perspectives…
-Not sure what category this would fall in to
-What does it mean to “answer the bell” … This is referred to in the title and in the first sentence of the article

C. Most Helpful Stories on Taxes
Stories that helped me understand the broader issue of skewed tax laws that benefit the very wealthy and what changes should be made

1. Presidential Election Focus: Donald Trump Acknowledges Not Paying Federal Income Taxes for Years
In this article, New York Times writers Steve Eder and Megan Twohey discuss how Donald Trump avoided paying personal federal income taxes for years by using a $916 million loss that he reported on his 1995 income tax returns. While he had previously declined to comment on these documents, he finally admitted the truth about the situation during the debate on Sunday, October 9th.

It is not possible to determine exactly how Trump has handled his taxes over the years with his tax records under wraps. However, something that is clear is that he derived tax benefits from his financial hardships he lefts behind in the early 1990’s through mismanagement of casinos, business’ and so forth.

There are a few details about his income taxes in government filings that have been uncovered during his campaign as well. An example of this would be that he paid more than $71,000 in federal income taxes from 1975-1977, but did not pay any taxes at all during the following two years or in 1984.

Mr. Trump said that he does not plan on releasing his taxes until his audit is finished.

2. Every day life focus: New Jersey Gas Tax Up 20 Cents, From Us’ 49th Highest to 6th

In Trenton, N.J., Gov. Chris Christie signed a legislation raising the gas tax by 23 cents per gallon to pay for an expired transportation trust fund. The gas tax will officially be raised from 14.5 cents per gallon to 37.5 cents per gallon. This took the tax from the 49th highest in the nation to the sixth, although it is still lower than New York’s and Pennsylvania’s.

This tax also offers credits to veterans and poorer residents though. In Christie’s eyes, this tax is a compromise and will offer state residents “tax fairness,” as well as a stronger and safer New Jersey overall.

On election day, New Jersey voters will have to answer a ballot question about whether or not all of the proceeds from the state’s gas tax should be used for transportation projects.

I would love to hear what students have to say about this, especially those who commute. Does a raise in gas taxes affect or bother the minds of college students, or are we too consumed in other things like school work and social media that we do not even have the time to put true thought into it?

3.  Broader focus- W.H.O. Urges Tax of Sugary Drinks to Fight Obesity 

On Tuesday, Oct. 11th, the World Health Organization urged countries to implement a tax on sugary drinks.

The purpose of this would be to battle the growing rate of obesity, which has doubled since 1980. Obesity began rising in rich countries several decades ago, but has now spread to middle-income countries like China and Mexico. An estimated 42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese last year, with 48 percent in Asia and 25 percent in Africa.

Sugary drinks like sodas, fruit drinks, energy drinks and iced teas have all been linked to obesity, diabetes and tooth decay. They are also a major source of unnecessary calories, which is why it recommended that people drink no more than one serving a day.

Taxing these drinks would discourage the consumption of them, which would help reduce those health risks.

Dr. Douglas Bettcher, the director of the W.H.O’s Department for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases said governments could be reducing suffering and saving lives by taxing products like sugary drinks.

I would also like to hear what students have to say about this. How often do we drink these drinks, especially if they are so easily accessible in the cafeteria at breakfast, lunch and dinner? Would a tax on these drinks (obviously off campus and outside of a meal plan) cause one to think twice about purchasing them?

I also questioned, how is it that we talk so much about people starving and not having enough food in so many parts of the world… Yet here I am reading about obesity and drinks being taxed to prevent these gross, rising obesity rates.


Homework for October 3rd

A. I learned this from Chapter 6

Chapter 6 of the Student Newspaper survival guide focused on the lifestyle pages in a student newspaper. Whether a lifestyle story may be a light story about fashion, or a serious story about suicide, these stories should always be “relevant, edgy and fresh.”

More specifically, there are four different types of lifestyle stories. There are profiles, trend features, service features and first person accounts. When beginning to write any of these stories though, it is important to begin by finding an angle and gathering multiple points of view on the topic one is covering.

A feature story should then be structured in the order of having a lede/introduction that is one to three paragraph’s long, a nut graph that explains what the entire story should be about, the main body and conclusion that ends the story with a punch.

Although this is not the case with our student newspaper, it is possible to have sex columns in an average 21st century college newspaper. According to the text, about 20 to 25 percent of college newspapers run sex columns. These columns should always aim to be written in an educational light. It is important for the writer of this type of column to be his or herself, be prepared for criticism, consider writing anonymously, be willing to branch out to other topics that relate to sex, and to not glorify sex.

B. NY Times Economy 

In the first 2016 Presidential debate, the first thing Clinton and Trump focused on was the economy and jobs. These are two very important aspects of our present and future society.

1. The first story I read from the New York Times on this topic is “Trumps’s Policies on Immigration, Economy, Other Issues.”  Judging by the title, I knew this article would focus on Trump’s point of view. On our country’s economic policy, Trump would collapse the seven income tax brackets to three rates of 12 percent, 25 percent and 33 percent. He would also lower corporate rate from 35 to 15 percent, and eliminate the estate tax.

These plans would allow families to deduct childcare costs from income taxes, those with lower-incomes to have more support with an existing tax credit, and six weeks of paid maternity leave for new mothers.

In the midst of reading this article, my first thought was that Trump was being portrayed in a more positive type of light. In other words, I was definitely not use to reading an article that did not open up with a negativity and critique about Trump for once; not sure how to feel about this though.

Continuing on, the article also included how Trump would want to increase spending on the U.S. miltary, but reduce spending on other categories by 1 percent every year. Overall, it is questionable if Trump’s plans for making many spending reductions would be able to make up for other major tax cuts.

This article did not necessarily help me understand the economy and jobs, however, it did give me insight as to how Trump would potentially change our economy if he became our next president. I believe this is just as important since, apparently, the chances of him becoming our next president are pretty high.

2. Debate Night Message: The Markets Are Afraid of Donald Trump 

This article by Justin Wolfers focused on how a Trump presidency is feared when it comes to the future of our economy. Trump being feared is a feel that I am more use to!

Wolfers opens the article with saying how, if Trump was to win the election, stocks could lose 10 to 12 percent of their value. While Trump thinks that his presidency would be good for business, others beg to differ. Apparently, the market thinks that Trump losing the election would lead to stocks being worth more. That statement can mainly be backed up by the fact stock prices had an unusually large rise during the debate, as Clinton grilled Trump on his tax returns.

During the debate, the odds of a Trump presidency fell by nearly six percent. In correlation to that, the market suggests that stock prices would be up to 12 percent lower if Trump wins the election.

If all of these studies and predictions prove to be true, America’s largest businesses would be averagely 12 percent lower in the future if Trump is elected. While a presidential candidate has never moved the market by more than a couple of percentage points before, the 2016 pattern is apparently an exception to that. According to Wolfers, Trump lies as a large threat to the success of our economy. After reading his thoroughly researched article, I would have to say that I agree.

3. Gary Johnson: Take a Deep Breath, Voters. There Is a Third Way

The third article I read focused on Gary Johnson, the third candidate for the 2016 election that leads the Libertarian Party. Johnson is definitely the candidate that I do not know enough about. There is no question that Clinton and Trump take up the spotlight of the 2016 Election, while others such as himself are struggling to make it on stage at times. One of my favorite thing’s about this article though, and a factor that made it very appealing, is because it was written by himself.

Johnson opens the article by basically preaching about how voting for him would be a vote for a president who is capable of reason, learning from failures and making the government live “within its means.” Although he was not part of the debate, Google searches for his name skyrocketed during the event.

When it comes to the economy and jobs, Johnson believes that the government “does too much and costs too much.”

If Johnson were to become president, he would make every government program justify its expenditures every year. He would also consider cutting all programs to up to 20 percent, including military spending, and changing social security and medicare. In his opinion, Clinton and Trump’s economic proposals call for much more spending than his.

While I admire Johnson for his persistence with campaigning and advocating for himself in this article, I still sadly doubt that hehas any real chance against Trump and Hilary. I am not sure how that came to be, especially since he seems to have a decent head on his shoulders. I am happy I have a better understanding of him and his view on our economy now though.

C. Loquitur for Oct 3

News:

1. Costal cities hit hard by climate change (Kelly Bush)
The news in this story is how the aftermath of climate change is continuing to affect all areas aroun the world. This is presented in the first sentence/paragraph’s of the article and elaborated on throughout the rest of the story.

2. Do you know if your food is safe? (Caitln Huebener, Hayley Curtiss)
This news in this story is how food posioning has effect many Americans recently. This is not stated in the first sentence of the story, but it is stated through a fact in the second sentence of the first paragraph.

Lifestyles:

1. WYBF celebrates its 25th anniversary with a bang (Rahmere Griffin)
Out of the four types of lifestyle stories, I suppose I would consider this a first person account. While Rahmere does not necessarily share his own experience on the WYBF event, it is still an account of the event by himself. Honestly, this personally raises the question in my mind as to where an article on an event would fall in the types of lifestyle stories. This article is really not a profile, a trend feature, a service feature or a fist person account honestly.

2. Jump into these new fall fashions (Renata McGrath)
Renata’s article is clearly a trend feature, as it capture’s the current trend’s of 2016 fall fashion!


Homework for September 26th

A. I learned this from Chapter 5

When reading Chapter 5 of the Student Newspaper survival guide, the first thing I learned right off the bat is that a basic news story typically follows the “inverted pyramid” formula. This pyramid starts with a lede that hooks a reader, follows with a paragraph that answers the who, what, when, where, and how, then a strong lead quote that argues the lede, and an ending  “nut graph” that tells readers why they should care.

I then learned that a lede could either be defined as a “hard-news” lede, or a “feature” lede. A hard-news lede delivers news immediately, while a feature lede takes more a storytelling approach.

After creating a lede, it is then time to decide which other elements one would want their story to include. The optional elements include numbers, history/background, financial figures, reaction, chronology, description and impact.

Regardless of those elements though, it is important to always make sure a news story tells details and is fair and accurate. Details typically add meaning to a story, and could be bits of information that help a reader see, hear, feel, taste or smell a scene. To make a story fair and accurate, one should have several sources representing multiple points of view, and aim to get as many points of view as they can. This will lead to a fair and balanced account of what you’ve found out.

One last important bit of information I picked up on from chapter 5 is the significance of adding quotations to a newspaper story. Quotations have the power to add human voices to a story, through capturing emotion and offering multiple perspectives on a topic. According to the text, the best rule for quoting is: “If you can say it better, more clearly, more powerfully, more succinctly, paraphrase.”

A few other quote tips I learned include:
-Punctuate quotes properly
-Attribute
-Make transitions between speakers
-Only use the quotes you’ve heard
-Clean up quotes
-Use “said”
-Keep quotes tight
-Save a catch quote for the editing

B. My 2 New York Times stories

1. Donald Trump, the Unsinkable Candidate

For my first New York Times article of the week, I decided to read Declan Walsh’s article on why the hell Trump still has such a strong chance in this election. The headline caught my eye because I find it extremely surprising that Trump has not sunk yet, after all of the brutal things he has said over the past few months. I also thought it would be a good read considering that there is a debate coming up on Monday evening.

Walsh opens his article by calling the election a “dizzying wonder” with Trump as the ring leader of outrages, drama, and one story blurring into the next. I couldn’t help but literally laugh out loud at one of the things that Walsh said voters have learned about Trump over the past few weeks; this was that reporters have uncovered evidence that spent $20,000 of his charity’s money on a six foot tall painting of himself and sent it to one of his private golf clubs. It’s baffling that somehow, revelations such as that have not been enough to torpedo him as a candidate from this election.

While Hilary Clinton still stands as the election’s “outright favorite” at the moment, Trump’s mysterious popularity has lead his chances of victory jump to 26 percent, as of Monday evening. Back in January he made the comment, “I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot somebody, and I wouldn’t lose voters.” This would be funny to look back on now if he had been somehow booted out of the election race over the past few months, but instead, he still strongly remains.

Why is it that in other countries and other campaigns, candidates have been kicked to the curb when making ill statements, but American voters are accepting just about anything Trump says or does??? According to Charlie Sykes, a radio host for WTMJ in Wisconsin, “It doesn’t matter what he says, or what his ideas are. It’s about the persona. He’s the strong man, and has apparently figured out how to bond with millions of Americans.”

Although Walsh’s article could not directly answer “why” Trump has not sunk to the bottom of the ocean that is this election yet, it did close with the fact that Clinton needs to break trump’s bond with Americans if we, as Americans, do not want him running our country for the next four years.

 2. Texas Threatens to Pull Out of Refugee Resettlement Program 

For my second New York Times article, I read into why Texas wants to pull out of the refugee resettlement program. During this time last year, the idea of refugee’s was brought to my attention. Two years ago, it was honestly something I was completely unaware of. However, last year I was submerged in background information on why people want to flee their homelands for a better life.

This year, I am being submerged in more raw and current information on how these people cannot just leave their homelands and go wherever they want to go, because there are places that do not want to let them in. Hopefully Donald Trump will not become our next president and make us one of those places… But according to the New York Times, Texas was on its way to becoming one of these places.

Texas had come up with a specific number of refugees that it would like and accept and receive, along with the request for additional security. On Wednesday, it was made clear to the Obama administration that the state would consider pulling out of the federal resettlement program if that request was not approved.

How clear? The state’s refugee coordinator wrote a letter to the federal Office of Refugee Resettlement stating that if this plan was not approved by September 30th, the state plans on exiting the refugee program and no longer providing refugee related services/benefits on February 1st.

Kansas and New Jersey have already withdrawn from the program due to similar security concerns. However, refugees still continue to arrive in those states. Because of that, Fernandez concludes that refugees could still come to Texas, regardless of all this.

While Fernandez thinks that, and states that Texas pulling out of the program may have “little to no effect” on the federal resettlement program, I still think that it is important for as many states to be apart of the program as possible. If one state drops out, that could start a domino effect of other states thinking it is completely okay for them to follow. Maybe if Kansas and New Jersey did not withdraw, Texas might have not went this far.

Texas has accepted 6,700 refugees into their state from October 2015 to August 2016 though, which is actually the most of any state. So this may be more of throwing in the towel for another state to have its turn as the head honcho, after all the state has done already. After the past year, it is a bit understandable as to why they are hesitant on agreeing to the State Department’s request to increase the number of refugees coming to the state by 25 percent.

C. Loquitur analysis for Sept. 26

Inverted Pyramid Focus:
1. iPhone 7 dares to impress
-Lede doesn’t really hook the reader
-Did answer the who, what, and when, just not really the where and how
-Didn’t have a strong lead quote that argues the lede
-Didn’t really end with telling readers why they should care
-Didn’t end with a quote either
-Could have had quotes from Tim Cook, someone else from Apple, an employee from an Apple store, students opinions, etc…

2. Pumpkin spice not so nice
-Lede kind of hooks the reader
-Did answer the who, what, when, where and why
-Had a good lead quote, but it didn’t “argue” anything (not sure if it really had to in this case)
-Ended with telling readers her opinion…

Quote Importance Focus:
1. Homecoming weekend is now
-Does not have quotes…
-Lacks a human voice, emotion and multiple perspectives on the topic
-Could have talked to people in the SEaL office
-Could have talked to students

2. Coach Mitch Kline, one of a kind, dies at 64
-Quote from director of athletics and recreation
-Quote from student Amber Dietrich
-Quote from associate director of athletics
-Unquestionably added human voice to the story
-Implemented lots of additonal emotion and perspectives


Homework for September 19th

A. I learned this from Chapter 4

In the beginning of chapter four of The Student Newspaper Survival Guide, I learned lots of important information related to news judgement and the reporting process. One of the first things I learned right off the bat is that the reporting process consists of interviewing sources, collecting statistics, finding experts, seeking documents and reviewing reports. 

When followed accordingly, this process has the power to take one from ignorant to knowledgeable on a topic. To begin the reporting process, one must also ask themselves the questions of… what is the story, what makes it news, what do they (as the reporter) need to know, and where can they find information. In order to get the most out of this chapter and the best understanding of this information, I have chosen to relate it all back to the most recent article I will be writing for the Loquitur on why a college student should delete Snapchat from their phone. 

For myself, my story is on the app Snapchat and the potential mental benefits of deleting it from one’s phone. What makes this story “news” is that Snapchat has become an increasingly popular social media platform over the past few months, especially for college students as another school year proceeds.

What I, as a reporter, have to know, is the basic facts and background information about Snapchat. However, I also plan to discover how students and Cabrini’s new Community Engagement and Social Media professor feel about deleting the app from one’s phone. Lastly, I plan on finding my information from outside sources and the web. 

Another topic that chapter four focused heavily on was interviewing. I learned that the first step of interviewing should be choosing a variety of sources, including organizers, participants, onlookers, university officials and students. For my article, I will interview a university teacher, students and potentially random people off of campus as well.  

During my interviews, I will look for factual information on the Snapchat app, reactions and opinions on deleting the app from one’s phone, and other possible statistics or anecdotes that may come up. When it comes to my interview notetaking, I will speedwrite or type by listening for key information and catchy quotes from the person I am interviewing. 

One last important section that I picked up on from chapter four was the “math for journalists.” While math is definitely not my strong suit, I found it interesting to read about how percentages, rates, ratios, averages and so on can all relate back to journalism.

B. This week’s Loquitur

A few days ago, The Student Newspaper Survival Guide taught me that the student press holds the four primary roles of a chronicle of campus life, a community forum, a watchdog and a training ground. When reading over this week’s edition of the Loquitur, I noticed which of these student press roles shined through and which did not.

1. A Chronicle of Campus Life– reporting on the life of a college community
This role was first shown in Cece Heckman’s front page story on “University day,” when the Cabrini community celebrated a historical change. Cece opened her article with saying how Cabrini had many events going on in its community as soon as students were returning from summer break and beginning their first classes for the semester. Her story then focused on a prominent event that occurred in the life of the Cabrini community, which was a day dedicated to celebrating Cabrini’s transition from a college to a university. She also included quotes from how students (Erin Kelly and Sal Ardizzone), an alumn (Gregory Robinson), a sports coach (Tim McDonald), felt about the transition and celebration day.

Jacyln Labes article on Cabrini reopening Woodcrest Hall could also fall under how the Loquitur acted as a chronicle of campus life this week. Her article started out with the very important background information of Woodcrest finally reopening after having five months of renovations due to extensive water damage. Overall though, this was another monumental event in the life of Cabrini’s community.

Ryan Brong’s article on new parking regulations being established on campus also reports on a significant change in Cabrini’s student life. I like how he interviewed the graduated students who came up with this idea last year to get the full background of why this change came to be. However, I think it would have also been interesting to get opinions from what current students think about this change, since they will be the ones getting impacted by it.

Study abroad articles by Emily Rowan and Vanessa Charlot also fall right into the category of what is going on in the lives of Cabrini’s community. Although they focus more on Cabrini students that were not on campus every day for a period of time, these are still things that are going on within our student body.

Lastly, Chris Fonte’s article “Game changer for Cabrini: Dixon Center Pavilion” definitely focus’ on something monumental in Cabrini’s community, which was our brand new Dixon Center expansion.

2. A Community Forum– representing students from around the campus
Caitlyn Huebner’s “Water conservation” article was a wonderful example of how the Loquitur succeed’s with representing not only students, but moreso all people from around campus. I love how her article opens with lots of factual information that backs up her title, but then immediately relates it all back to Sodexo, the international catering service that Cabrini partners with. She then weaves her information with quotes from food services managers Kate Shearer and Tracy Eells, Cabrini student Kyle Wimmer, facilities director Dawn Barnett, and biology professor Dr. Dunbar. That’s FIVE different opinions on the one issue of water conservation, all in relation to Cabrini.

Ashley Sierzega’s article, “Pa. bill wants to lengthen time for sex abuse victims to report; Catholic Church pushes back” also touches base with Cabrini’s campus community is represented through the Loquitur, with quotes from Father Carl from Cabrini, Father John Newns from Saint Ann’s Parish in Phoenixville, Charles Chaput, the Archbishop of Philadelphia, and Andrew Dinniman, the State Senator.

3. A Watchdog– investigating and reporting matters of corruption and scandal

Hailey McDonough’s article: Cabrini bookstore: Charging too much?
-Issue of scandal: Is the bookstore charging too much? Especially since Cabrini students cant use their flex dollars there
-Talks about what multiple students think, as to what she thinks

Allie Stein’s article: Do college students have a voice 
-Issue of scandal: have college students ever had the opportunity to come together and share their thoughts on the issues that really matter to them
-Talks about how she had the opportunity to do that along with more than 130 other colleges students from all over the country

Hayley Curtiss’ article: To vote or not to vote? 
-Issue of scandal: How young people need to vote in the elections
-Talks about voting gives young people their first opportunity to establish their own thoughts and opinions independent of their parents
-Like the line: How many times have you had to explain the slang word “bae” or the “talking stage” in relationships to your parents?
-Overall article tone is very relatable for college students, not too formal or factual

4. A Training Ground

This role was portrayed in the editorial on the back side of the front page story, in the editors “Open letter to my freshman self.” In this editorial, the current junior and senior Loquitur Media were talking to their freshman selves as their current selves. However, I believe this editorial could also benefit current freshman students greatly. With the tips of never giving up on fighting for education, the importance of time management and getting involved, missing their families, and knowing it is okay to feel lost and accept change… this article could definitely be viewed as “a training ground” for current freshman, from their fellow upperclassmen.

Other training related articles, focused more on freshman, in this week’s issues of Loquitur include ,“Are you ready, class of 2020,” by Nasir Ransom, and “Back to school anxiety returns,” by Sara Johnson.

C. I learned this about Syria in the NY Times this week

For some students, this week’s New York Times articles may be their first exposure to issues that have been and are still continuing to take place with Syria. Fortunately, I am not one of those students.

Within my first days of my freshman year at Cabrini, I was already being educated on global issues such as the Syrian refugee crisis in Dr. Zurek’s Interdependent World course. Although I now stand as knowledgeable on the background of the crisis, what is still a bit disheartening to my current sophomore self is that the crisis remains today, a year later.

No, I am not saying that I had expectations for the Syrian refugee crisis to diminish over a year’s time. However, it is a bit ironic that I had homework assignments during this exact time last year having to deal with the same exact place.

When looking at this week’s New York Times, one thing I learned about Syria right away is that it is closely battling with Hilary Clinton’s illness for headline publicity. Aside from that irritating fact though, an article from Monday, September 12th by Anne Barnard and Rick Gladstone informed me on the current cease-fire in the Syrian civil war. A cease-fire is a temporary suspension of fighting, typically for peace to temporarily take its place.

After a weekend of extreme fighting, the United States and Russia initiated the Syrian cease-fire on the evening of Monday, September 12th. According to Barnard and Gladstone, under this deal, all attacks are to stop except Syrian government attacks on two jihadist groups. However, the territories in which the United States and Russia have defined to those two groups remains unclear to the public.

Russian and American diplomats are aware that violence in this conflict has to be reduced in order to for food and medicine to reach civilians. Whether this agreement will actually be effective or even work remains questionable and doubtful amongst groups such as American-backed Syrian oppositionists and the Obama administration though.

In addition to this formal article, Barnard also collaborated with New York Times writer Hwaida Saad to write another article on the Syrian cease-fire. This second article I came across focused on the personal experiences of people in Syria with how the truce is impacting their lives.

Barnard and Saad first introduce a reader to Samsam, a twenty six year old aid worker in Aleppo, one of Syria’s largest cities. Samsam shares that people in her city have gotten use to hearing noises of shelling and bombing and find the cease-fire frightening. She said people around her take their lives day by day, never thinking about the future, and cannot judge whether the cease-fire will last or not.

In addition to Samsam, a reader then meets Dani Qappani, a twenty eight year old antigovernment media activist in Moadamiyeh, two miles from the Syrian capital. Mr. Qappani worries about his kind of those who do not want to accept reconciliation with the government being divided from those who do. He said it is not safe for him and others who do not want to accept reconciliation anymore. Those who do want to accept it frighten those like him with the threats of city attack and death.

However, there are also people that have feelings of positivity about the cease-fire, such as Elham, a thirty two year old mother of two and wife to a government employee. Elham shared that she was happy to have finally had a few nights without her family’s building shaking, and her children waking up crying from sounds of bombing, rocket launchers and artillery. They also got to spend a day together outdoors at a park for lunch.

Ibrahim Abo Allith, a volunteer rescue worker with Syria’s Civil Defense group, the White Helmets, also has many hopes for the cease-fire. She said she hopes that the killing stops so that everyone can live in security, that the killing and war in Syria will end, and that a new Syria can be built.



Homework for September 12th

A. I learned this from Chapter 1

When reading the first chapter of The Student Newspaper Survival Guide by Rachele Kanigel, it was not hard to pick up on several important points on the role and value of the student press. First off, I learned that the student press holds the four primary roles of a chronicle of campus life, a community forum, a watchdog and a training ground.

Through these roles, the press has the general abilities of informing a college campus about anything, allowing students and faculty to debate issues of common concern, “barking” when necessary about certain on campus issues, and training the next generation of journalists.

When diving into the true meaning of these roles of the student press in my reading, I could not help but relate each of them back to Loquitur Media, our student press and media website.

In order to hold the role of a “chronicle,” a student run newspaper has to be the only unbiased publication for reporting on the life of a college community. Undoubtedly, I would say that The Loquitur lives up to that standard and has to for years. I find this especially true now that The Loquitur and Loqation have merged into Loquitur Media, allowing our newly established University to have one, large, beautiful student run website filled with unbiased media and written content.

On the student press role of “community forum,” Melvin Mencher, longtime journalism educator and author of News Reporting and Writing said, “It should represent students from around the campus. And it should establish some kind of leadership, demanding the highest quality education for students, so students have an outlet for their frustrations, their excitements, their passions.”

At Cabrini University, Loquitur writers are permitted to prompt article ideas to express their frustrations, excitements and passions. For example, I expressed my passions of alternative music and photography through writing an article on Radio 104.5’s 2016 Summer Block Party Series and pairing a video I made of photos that I took at the concerts with it. Meanwhile, students from all around campus are also represented in Loquitur articles through reporter interviews. Any of the quotes from my “Woodcrest Hall flood” article go to show that students at Cabrini University are not only educated about what is going on around campus, but also can use the paper as an outlet for their frustrations. In another light, I, myself can go to show that leadership is also strongly accepted in our student press, as I wrote that article before I was an official Loquitur staff writer.

Finally, by remaining on the topic of the Woodcrest scandal, it is easy to see that our student newspaper functions as an institution that investigates and reports matters of corruption and scandal. Even though I was not a part of our student newspaper during the time I wrote my article, I naturally function as a watchdog. In other words, I barked about the corruption and scandal by digging deeper into the story of how Woodcrest went to ruins, and how different members from the Cabrini community felt about the whole incident.

One last important point I picked up on from this chapter was how important it is for student press to have an online presence. Kanigel mentions how an online presence allows student publications to be seen by alumni, prospective students, parents, media professionals and so on. On a personal level, after co-writing a Loquitur article with my mother, a Cabrini alumna, we both had hopes of a strong portion of its viewership being other Cabrini alumni. However, the only way that was made possible was through having it posted online over the summer, as to printed during the school year, and shared on social media outlets immediately. On a broader level, it is clear that the merge of Loqation and the Loquitur into Loquitur Media will also give Cabrini University the strongest possible online student media news presence.

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